Unrest prevails in Armenia; several hundred Armenians defied the martial law and march towards the Parliament in the capital Yerevan, demanding Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan resignation on Wednesday. The protestors crowded the gates of the Parliament chanting “Nikol is a traitor”; “Nikol leave”. The discontent is an outcome of a ceasefire that secured territorial advances for Azerbaijan in Nagorno-Karabakh after six weeks of fighting.
The protests were called by 17 political parties to make Pashinyan quit. Although there were no serious crashes, several were arrested including opposition leader Gagik Tsarukyan, of the Prosperous Armenia party was arrested.
Azerbaijan, supported by Turkey and self-proclaimed Republic of Artsakh, supported by Armenia are in the state of dispute since 27 September 2020 over the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh. According to the International analysts, the fighting began with Azerbaijan offensive intending to reclaim the southern districts of the region.
Russia supplies arms to both the countries and traditionally has good relations with both parties. Though Russia is in a military alliance with Armenia (Collective Security Treaty Organisation), it takes an unbiased stand on the matter. Multiple ceasefire agreements have been established in the past, but neither has been respected by either of the parties.
A new peace deal was brokered by Russia between Armenia and Azerbaijan, signed by Russian President Vladimir Putin, Azerbaijani president Ilham Aliyev and Armenian prime minister Nikol Pashinyan; states that both sides will continue to maintain their position in the areas that they currently hold. However, this would give Azerbaijan a significant gain.
Turkey and Russia signed an agreement to establish a joint centre to monitor the ceasefire. However, Turkey was not a mediator in the peace deal neither did they contribute any peacekeepers
The ceasefire concluded the worst fighting in the region and is being celebrated as Azerbaijan’s victory.
“This is a big failure and disaster,” said Pashinyan on Tuesday taking personal responsibility for the setbacks, but has not yet responded to the protests.
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