The 59th US Presidential Elections (US Elections 2020) were held on Tuesday, November 3, 2020. Incumbent President Donald Trump and Vice President Mike Pence of the Republican Party had to accept defeat against the ticket of the former Vice President Joe Biden and US Senator Kamala Harris of the Democratic Party.
First time in the American history, the highest number of votes (more than 75 million votes) has been cast for the Presidential election, in Biden’s favour. Earlier, Donald Trump had beaten Barack Obama’s record of 69.5 million votes in 2008. Joe Biden will be the 46th President of America and the oldest person to assume the Presidency, at the age of 77. Biden’s running mate from US Senator, Kamala Harris, from California is the first Asian American, first African American female to be elected as the Vice President of America, elected on November 07, 2020.
Public health, economic impacts due to the pandemic, civil unrest due to the “Black Lives Matter” protests were mainly the ongoing issues during the elections.
COVID-19 pandemic had a major impact on vote counting causing a major delay in the process. In response to the pandemic, restrictions on mail-in voting were lifted, which resulted in the delay of four days, leading to news breakouts, making it easier to speculate the winner.
The US elections are being monitored by OSCE Election (Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe’s ODIHR (Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights) since 2002. According to their report, they have raised a major concern about the legitimacy of the election as repeated accusations are being made by the incumbent President. However, they also state that observers from the task forces haven’t noticed any violations during the process.
Although Trump refuses to agree with the election results, Joe Biden cheered his supporters in hometown Wilmington, Delaware, saying “The people of this nation have spoken. They have delivered a clear victory, a convincing victory,” He declared that it was “time to heal”. Kamala Harris expresses gratitude on her victory and exclaims that “While I may be the first woman in this office, I will not be the last,”. “Every little girl watching tonight sees that this is a country of possibility,” she added.
The final vote to elect the President and Vice President will be held on December 14, 2020, by the selected Presidential electors of the Electoral College (Representatives are chosen from the state by the people, to elect the President and Vice President). Joe Biden and Kamala Harris are scheduled to be inaugurated on January 20, 2021.
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